The law, passed in the early hours of Thursday, speaks of Israel as the historic homeland of the Jews and says they have a "unique" right to self-determination there, according to its final text. In other words, Palestinians need not exist.
Israel's "nation-state" law that was celebrated as a "defining moment" for the country by its supporters has prompted forceful protests inside the country and around the world.
"It is our state, the Jewish state, but in recent years some have tried to question that as well as the principles of our existence and our rights", Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said after the vote on the legislation, backed by his right-wing government.
The EU considers this law to be a major roadblock in the path of a "two-state solution".
Largely symbolic, the law was enacted just after the 70th anniversary of the "birth of Israel".
The Turkish foreign ministry called for the "necessary response" from the global community to the law, which it said was aimed at eliminating the vision of a two-state solution.
At least 13 dead after tourist duck boat capsizes in Missouri lake
Lester's boyfriend, Trent Behr, added: "We actually heard the captain say the boat flipped or the boat was sinking". They were originally designed in 1942 and first used in World War II due to their ability to drive on land and sea.
It is now official that "The Jewish State of Israel" only gives the right of self-determination to Jewish people.
Saudi Arabia rejects and disapproves Israeli Knesset's approval of the "National State of the Jewish People Law", an official source at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) announced here Friday, Saudi Press Agency (SPA) said. On Thursday, his ruling coalition stopped waiting around and pushed through a law that made it a fact.
The American Jewish Committee, one of the oldest and most prominent Jewish advocacy groups, said it was "deeply disappointed" by the law, and added it "put at risk the commitment of Israel's founders to build a country that is both Jewish and democratic".
Jamal Zahalka, an Arab member of the Knesset who voted against the law, told Al Jazeera it establishes a new set of rules that will legitimise anti-Arab racism and increase the building of illegal settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories. "They did not exist".
Barenboim, who is general music director of La Scala, the Berlin State Opera and the Staatskapelle Berlin, co-founded, together with the late Edward Said, the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, a Seville-based orchestra of young Arab and Israeli musicians.
As a result of the legislation, Okal said, "Palestinians in Israel will be subject to increased discrimination while the collective displacement of Palestinians [from their land] will only accelerate". Ultra-orthodox Jews want the state to abide by Jewish law.
"The law can possibly undermine the right of Palestinian refugees to return, which is a right that has been internationally recognised and cannot be dismissed", the statement read.