Among people 50 and older, cancer was a leading cause of alcohol-related death, accounting for 27 percent of deaths in women and almost 19 percent of deaths in men. It was not among the top or bottom 10 for the most or the heaviest drinkers in 2016.
For those drinking five drinks a day that number went up by 37% to an additional 338 people. They then examined 592 studies with data from 28 million people in 195 countries to understand the health risks associated with alcohol. The study has been the largest and the most detailed carried out to map the effects of alcohol.
The countries with the highest percentage of men and women who reported drinking in the previous year were Denmark, Norway and Germany.
For people aged 50 and older, cancers were a leading cause of alcohol related death, constituting 27.1 per cent of deaths in women and 18.9 per cent deaths in men. There are multiple causes of death related to alcohol drinking and is associated with tuberculosis, road injuries, self harm and cancers.
The biggest drinkers in 2016 were men in Romania, who put away an average of eight drinks a day.
"The level of consumption that minimises health loss due to alcohol use is zero", the authors wrote.
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We've always been told that a glass of red wine a day is good for the heart or a beer a day won't hurt you-but a major report that surveyed over a thousand previous studies debunks those claims, reports the Guardian.
One of the reports authors, Professor Sonia Saxena at Imperial College London, said: "One drink a day does represent a small increased risk, but adjust that to the United Kingdom population and it represents a far bigger number, and most people are not drinking just one drink a day".
While in 2016, drinking alcohol was the seventh leading risk factor for premature death and disease, in people aged 15-49 years old, alcohol was the leading risk factor, with nearly four per cent of deaths in women and 12.2 per cent of deaths in men attributable to alcohol. Instead, public health policy can enact measures like restriction on places that sell alcohol or market it, increase in alcohol price and taxes, and the prices could be set according to the minimum unit pricing. "If you are going to drink, educate yourself about the risks, and take an informed risk".
University of Cambridge epidemiologist Steven Bell co-authored aseparate study published in April in The Lancet that found drinking isbeneficial in lowering the risk for heart attack.
A drink is 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer that contains 5 percent alcohol or one shot of liquor, though many mixed drinks contain more than one shot and some craft beers contain higher levels of alcohol.
Professor Emmanuela Gakidou, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, USA, said, "Alcohol poses dire ramifications for future population health in the absence of policy action today".
"Based on these findings", Bell said, "at no point.is there a level of consumption that appears to lower the overall risk of developing any of the wide array of diseases investigated in comparison to non-drinking".