Jadeja, in his 38th Test match, had plundered an unbeaten 100 off 132 deliveries when the declaration came at tea, India aiming not to have to bat again. Rishabh Pant is batting alongside him.
The Indian captain also found his touch with a trademark cover-drive off Gabriel signalling his intentions. Bradman took just 66 innings to achieve the same feat.
Kohli was on 67 when Pant scored his first run. Jadeja took down the bails but not before he shocked everyone by delaying the throw.
In the third over of the day, Virat Kohli entered the 3,000-club at home in terms of Test runs.
India extended their dominance after 18-year-old opener Prithvi Shaw made 134 on day one to become their youngest batsman to score a century on debut.
Leg-spinner Devendra Bishoo finished with four wickets for 217 runs from 54 overs.
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With the cushion of such a massive total, the hosts went on the attack from the word go and were rewarded instantly.
The Windies never got the solid foundation they needed as Shami uprooted Kraigg Brathwaite's off-stump with the score on two. Kieran Powell followed soon caught right in front of the stumps by Shami for 1 as the visitors were reduced to 7 for 2.
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The all-rounder though had a near-miss moment on the field when he playfully waited to run out Shimron Hetmyer who was scampering back to reach the non-striker's end. With wickets tumbling rather alarmingly, Ambris made a decision to take Ashwin and slammed him for two fours - one over extra cover and the other over deep midwicket. While Ambris had already left the crease, both batsmen ended up appearing on the same end. His superb knock was laced with five fours and five sixes.
Any hopes that West Indies had of finding further immediate breakthroughs were then dashed as Shaw and Pujara combined in a 206-run second wicket stand to consolidate the innings.