The EC took particular umbrage with Google's requirements to include several Google apps as a bundle, and that licensees making Google-sanctioned Android devices were forbidden from making non-Google-licensed (aka "forked") Android devices.
"In fact, the decision is created to allow, for the first time, competing search and browser providers to compete on the merits with Google for pre-installation on Android devices, leading to greater choice for consumers". In another major change, per CNBC, Google will also end restrictions on phone makers selling forked versions of Android.
This resulted in the European Union issueing a €4.3 billion fine to Google and demanded it ended these practices within 90 days.
Under the new European rules, detailed by Google's senior vice president of platforms Hiroshi Lockheimer, Android phone makers that want to sell devices with Google services pre-installed in Europe will need to pay a licensing fee to Google. Usually, Google insists on bundling its Search, Chrome, Play and other apps all together with Android, though it doesn't charge for them because, well, they make more than enough cash on their own. The company was also fined about $5 billion. The licensing fees aren't available for each app alone but for the Google mobile application suite as a whole, which includes all the Google apps, except the Chrome and Search apps, which will be offered under separate licensing fees.
These new licensing options will come into effect on October 29, 2018, for all new smartphones and tablets launched in the EEA. Regulators said 95 percent of Android users around the world were using their device's default search engine - Google Search - rather than choosing an alternative.
Google's hardware partners also will be free to market devices in Europe that run rival versions of Android, including Amazon.com Inc's Fire OS. The commission typically lets companies tweak compliance efforts as feedback comes in from customers and rivals.
"The big challenge for phone-makers is to try to replicate the success that Apple has had with monetising its devices after they have been bought, which it has done by selling services such as iCloud storage and Apple Music". Google has now filed an appeal against the ruling, continuing to argue that Android helps competition rather than hinder it.
Official photos of Royal Wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank released
The account then shared another photo of the newlyweds at Royal Lodge, Windsor, ahead of a private dinner after their ceremony. All eyes on were on Princess Eugenie this weekend, as the young royal tied the knot with Jack Brooksbank at Windsor Castle.