The vote was only symbolic but demonstrated once again how divided the House of Commons is over Brexit and how there is no clear strategy within the government or Parliament on dealing with Europe.
"Forty-two days out until Britain is due to leave, there is still divisions in a political party causing Ireland to spend hundreds of millions of euro to prepare for no deal". "Failure would be unforgivable".
"The one problem with Thursday's vote is that it allows the European Union to continue with this pretence that they don't know what we want", she said.
Thursday's vote is not binding on the government, but the motion was an attempt by May to buy more time to secure concessions from the EU.
Business Minister Richard Harrington told The House magazine ERG members should defect to Nigel Farage's new Brexit Party - a move the former UKIP leader called "a jolly good idea".
This angered Conservative MPs who believe the government must keep "no deal" as an option and so they abstained, leading to May's defeat. Of note, the ERG has stated that they won't back her as disagreement over the backstop and a no-deal outcome continues to rage on.
Defence Minister Tobias Ellwood told BBC Newsnight the ERG was a "party within a party. flexing its muscle" to take advantage of Mrs May's lack of a Commons majority.
The Scottish National Party called for a postponement of the March 29 Brexit date by at least three months. An agreement needs a majority of MPs to support it and legislation to implement it. That agreement experienced a crushing defeat last month - the worst ever for a British government.
That's likely to enrage the pro-Brexit members of May's Conservative Party who say the backstop is unacceptable.
Foden And Mahrez Unimpressed With Newport County Pitch
It's a big squad and everyone wants to show the boss they can start. "It wasn't a good pitch but we are professional". They scored a goal - a stupid goal - at the end and Phil's goal helped the team to not suffer at the end.
The British press has surely by now run out of ways to describe the current Brexit-inspired chaos.
But the chair of the Exiting the European Union committee, Labour's Hilary Benn, said Mrs May had rejected party leader Jeremy Corbyn's proposed alternatives and instead sought approval from Tory Brexiteers.
However this is not expected to be a crunch point in which lawmakers attempt to wrest control of the process away from the government as May has promised that parliament will have another chance to express its opinion on February 27, if it has not approved a revised deal by then.
Theresa May will face a wall of resistance when she returns to Brussels next week as the EU's chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, declared her Brexit strategy had "failed" after another parliamentary defeat inflicted by hardline Eurosceptics.
"My understanding is that many of them have made representations directly to the prime minister indicating their concern and telling the prime minister that if by the end of February there is no deal that has been got through the Commons, we ought to extend", he said.
Meanwhile, a cross-party initiative backed by Tory Anna Soubry and Labour's Chuka Umunna demands the government publish its most recent official briefing on the implications of a no-deal Brexit for business and trade.
However, only 24 per cent of Dutch entrepreneurs felt they were well prepared for Brexit, according to a Dutch Chamber of Commerce survey undertaken in December.
That means Brexit must now be delivered with their backing as the time to change course and bring Labour on board with a softer deal had now passed.